The number of people acquiring EU citizenship increased by three per cent, from 706.400 in 2019 to 706.400 in 2020.
According to statistics published today by the European Union Statistical Office (Eurostat), this increase occurred due to the rise in the number of foreigners with Spanish citizenship, with more than 27,300 of them becoming Spanish citizens in 2019, followed by the Netherlands with +21,000. , Sweden +16000 and Portugal, +11000, TheSchengen.com report.
In contrast, the largest decrease in absolute terms was observed in France (-23,300 French nationalities granted compared to 2019), followed by Germany (-20,800), Belgium (-6,700) and Romania (-4000), data from Eurostat showed.
In addition, as in 2019, about 85 per cent of those who obtained citizenship in one of the previously 27 EU countries were either stateless or nationals of other countries.
Approximately 13 per cent of the total number of nationalities acquired were former nationals of another EU member state.
The three largest groups of EU citizens who acquired citizenship of another EU member state in both 2018 and 2019 remain:
Romanians (287,000 people) Poles (12,500 people) Italians (8,200 people)
Among the new EU citizens, Moroccans were the largest group, with 68,900 former Moroccans gaining EU membership, 86 percent of whom obtained citizenships from Spain, Italy and France.
Then comes the Syrians, who number 50,200, 49 percent of whom have acquired Swedish citizenship, and the Albanians 40,500 of whom 70 percent have acquired Italian citizenship.
In addition, 40 percent of the 28,700 Romanians who became citizens of another EU country acquired Italian citizenship. On the other hand, 72 percent of the 24,100 Brazilians who became new EU citizens in 2020 acquired citizenship either in Italy or Portugal.
Turks (23,700, 49 percent had German citizenship), Ukrainians (18,100, 48 percent had Polish, German or Italian citizenship), Indians (16,400, 34 percent had Italian citizenship), Pakistanis (16,000, 35 percent (percent had Italian citizenship) and the British (16,000, 60 percent had German, French or Swedish citizenship), the Statistical Office explains in this regard.
On the other hand, in countries where naturalization rates have been recorded below the acquisition of citizenship once per 100 non-citizen residents are:
Lithuania (0.2) Estonia (0.4) Czech Republic (0.5) Austria (0.6) Slovakia (0.7) Bulgaria (0.8) Ireland (0.9)
According to Eurostat, the naturalization rate is the ratio of the number of people who acquired citizenship of a country during a year to the balance of non-residents of the same country at the beginning of the year.
In contrast, Sweden recorded the highest naturalization rates in 2020, granting 8.6 nationalities for every 100 non-citizen residents, Portugal 5.5 and the Netherlands 4.8, followed by Finland with 2.9, Italy 2.6, Spain and Belgium with 2.4.
In terms of new citizenship, Italy granted citizenship to 131,800 people or 18 per cent, Spain 126,300 or 17 per cent, Germany 111,200 or 15 per cent of the EU total, France 86,500 or 12 per cent, and Sweden 80,200 or 11 per cent. It makes up 73 per cent of the new nationalities granted to the EU in 2020.