Over 211,000 children under the age of 15 received their first EU residence permits during 2020, which were issued mainly for reasons related to family formation and reunification, representing 68 per cent of all first permits issued to children in the EU.
Data from Eurostat, the European statistics provider, shows that in addition, another 96,000 initial permits were issued to children for other reasons, including international protection, while 4,000 were issued for education reasons, TheSchengen.com reports.
While Germany, Spain, Italy and Sweden show the highest proportion of first residence permits issued to minors, the governments that issued the lowest include Switzerland (127) and Ireland (167), followed by France, Lithuania (179) and Croatia (363).
In addition, the proportion of 100,000 children under 15 years of age stands at 386 in the European Union, with the highest proportion being recorded in Sweden (1136 per 100,000 children under 15), Slovenia (1109), Luxembourg (943) and Portugal (893). On the other hand, the smallest proportion of first residence permits per 100,000 children was reported in Ireland (17).
However, on a larger scale, the top five citizenship permits were issued to individuals from Asia (66,562), equivalent to 32%, followed by Africa with 27% (57,613) and Europe (51,023 – 24%). North and South America make up ten percent of all permits issued to children under 15 years of age in European Union member states.
Moreover, for citizenship permits issued to Asians, 18% were issued to Syrians, followed by Indians (17%), Pakistanis (11%), Chinese (10%), and Bangladeshis (6%).
The African continent is the second continent with the most first residence permits for family reasons for children under 15 years of age, with 57,613 of them issued – seven percent of which were issued to nationals of Eritrea and Egypt. In addition, six percent of the beneficiaries were from Nigeria and four percent from Senegal.
Of the 51,023 residence permits issued to children under 15 in 2020, 19 percent were from Ukraine, which also offsets the nationality with the highest residence permits issued last year. In addition, October 2021 data shows that 293,000 permits were issued to Ukrainian citizens in Poland alone.
In addition, the most permits were issued to Balkan countries with Albanians in second place with 18 percent, followed by Kosovar citizens and Russians with 11 percent each. In addition, ten percent of all permits issued for this category come from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
While North, Central, and South America compensated the least permit recipients, 4,786 were issued to North America. Beneficiaries in Central and South America totaled 20,523 permits, of which 45 percent were for citizens of Brazil, seven percent for Colombians, and six percent for nationals of each country – Ecuador, the Dominican Republic and Peru.
As 336 permits were issued in the European Union to citizens of Oceania, including the archipelagos of Australia, New Zealand and Oceania, 0.5 percent of residence permits were issued to stateless individuals, accounting for 955 permits. In addition, 4 percent of the permit recipients were from unknown countries, which equates to 9,160 recipients.
However, when looking at bilateral flows between member states and third countries in 2020, the first three flows of minors in this category for which family-related permits were issued were between Morocco and Spain (20,900 children), Brazil and Portugal (7,300), and Syria and Germany (6,500). ).