The European Commission has provided operational guidance to the Temporary Protection Directive in an effort to support EU member states implementing the directive.
According to a press release from the European Union Commission, Ukrainian citizens will be able to move freely in the 27-nation bloc, using a 15-day visa obtained at the border, and secondary member states do not impose financial penalties on carriers. People with temporary protection, TheSchengen.com reports.
The new change was announced by the Vice President for Enhancing Our European Way of Life, Margaritis Schinas, who also indicated that the decision to grant protection to Ukrainians is being implemented.
“For example, to ensure that people can move around the union without hindrance, we make it clear that they should be able to obtain 15-day visas at the border and that in any case, carriers should not be fined for transporting without documents,” Commissioner Schinas said. One of the biggest concerns now is the number of children arriving unaccompanied and in need of registration and specialist care.
In other words, the Protection Directive will define the guidelines regulating the stay of a Ukrainian refugee in the EU until the end of the war and includes the following main points:
Clarification on who is eligible for temporary protection, which can include those who benefited from international protection or other protection in Ukraine before February 24, on or after February 24 and their family members. Applying “adequate protection” under national law – which means that member states must provide basic rights to incoming refugees. In addition, it is required to determine the type of evidence needed to benefit from temporary protection under national law. Encourage Member States to consider extending temporary protection to persons who do not fall within the scope of application of the resolution but who need protection such as those from Ukraine. Unaccompanied children coming from Ukraine, which is the current main issue of EU Member States, must be appointed a legal guardian, or other appropriate representation. All children fleeing war, regardless of their status, should enjoy full protection and access to education and health care. Exercising the specific rights of orientation, meaning that the residence permit must amount to refugee status and must be submitted at certain authorities such as employment offices, schools and hospitals. When residence permits are still being processed, member states offer to open bank accounts and other services. Ensuring freedom of movement before and after the issuance of residence permits, essentially allowing Ukrainian citizens with biometric passports to be exempted from the requirement to have a short-stay visa. In addition, holders of biometric passports from Ukraine can move freely within the Schengen area for 90 days within 180 days.
In addition, the European Commissioner for Home Affairs, Ylva Johansson, said that the EU member states can deal with this situation.
“If we really show the best sides of ourselves in solidarity, we can manage (this challenge),” she said.
According to data published by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 3.2 million Ukrainians have left their homeland, most of whom have arrived in Poland (1.9 million), Romania (508,692), Moldova (355,426), Hungary (291,230) and Slovakia (234,738).