Migrants and refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina will benefit from €2.5 million in funding, earmarked by the European Union in an effort to support them as the cold days arrive.
According to a recent press release, the fund will be dedicated to supporting migrants, especially to protect children and unaccompanied minors. Currently, while the majority of migrants are deployed to EU-funded facilities, more than 1,000 migrants are believed to be wandering without a place to stay, exposed to freezing temperatures, TheSchengen.com reports.
“Around 4,000 refugees and migrants are stranded in Bosnia and Herzegovina, many of them sleeping abroad, in need of shelter, food, water, sanitation, health care, protection and clothing. To meet these needs, the European Union is ready to to continue providing humanitarian assistance.
Of the 4,000 refugees currently residing in the western Balkan country, 2,200, representing 55 percent of the refugees, are housed in five reception centers in the capital’s Sarajevo and Una Sana cantons.
Since 2018, more than 84,120 refugees and migrants have arrived in Bosnia via the Western Balkans route, and since then, the government has received around €101.85 million for vulnerable refugees and migrants.
“The dignity and safety of all people, especially the most vulnerable, needs to be guaranteed and protected at all times. Humanitarian partners need full access to people in need, wherever they are,” Lenarčič also noted.
The Western Balkan route, which consists of Albania, North Macedonia, Kosovo, Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, is the second most popular route for illegal border crossing in the European Union. Data provided by the European border agency, Frontex, revealed that 48,500 people crossed the border illegally via this route in 2021. Compared to 2020, illegal passages in this area increased by 140 percent, the main nationalities being Algerians (63 percent). ) and Moroccans (29 percent).
In addition, the most affected route for 2021 remains the eastern land border (including Belarus and Poland), which recorded an increase of 1,444 percent compared to the same period in 2020. However, the largest number of illegal passages of 2021 was recorded in Central Mediterranean route, in Italy, where 55,000 cases of monitoring have been recorded. Migrants are believed to arrive in Italy from Turkey by sea, and the main national groups arriving in the European Union using this route are Tunisians, Bangladeshis and Egyptians.
The migration rate, which represents the number of migrants residing in a country during a given period, was -6.43 migrants per 1,000 inhabitants in Bosnia and Herzegovina during 2020. Although the net migration rate of Bosnia and Herzegovina has changed significantly in recent years, decreasing significantly through The period 1975 – 2020.