Croatia has lost a total of 396,360 of its population since 2011, first results of the country’s 2021 census show. The latter is a statistical survey that is conducted at regular intervals, and collects basic data on demographic, ethnic, educational, economic, immigration and other demographic characteristics.
According to the census, Croatia now has a population of 3,888,529, which is 9.25 percent smaller than it was in 2011, when the last census was taken.
Meanwhile, the number of households in the country decreased by 80,615 families, or -5.31 percent, in contrast to the number of housing units, which increased by 103.534 percent, or 4.61 percent, compared to the 2011 census.
Commenting on the census results, Croatian demographer Stepan Sterk said that although the census results claim that there are 3,890,000 people living in Croatia, at least 50,000 of them are fictitious people who were counted.
We estimate that in 3,890,000 people, at least 50,000 were fictitious. This is easy to calculate when looking at the natural deterioration between the two censuses and “When you look at the departure, a negative migration balance does not appear. This happened because a part of the population that entered Croatia was not included in the census as a permanent population, so the difference is larger.”
Moreover, Sterc explains that among the 50,000 fictitious people who were enumerated, Croatian citizens who left after 1990 are included, who hold Croatian documents but are not permanent residents of the country, which means that the number of those who have left Croatia since then is higher. presents to be.
Moreover, he argues that if the government does not pay attention to demographers’ expectations and takes measures to stop mass immigration, the country could lose another half a million people in the next ten years.
“The big loss is the natural disappearance of Croatia, 160,000 people, those others who left Croatia in the perception of a natural development of the state may be Croatian wealth such wealth in some other country where there is more population in immigration than in the area of residence,” Sterke explained “.
He noted that the authorities are taking the necessary measures to encourage births and marriage, because 80 percent of children are born from marriage. He also suggested selective immigration so that Croatia could encourage young people from other countries to move to its territory.
Since Croatia joined the European Union in 2013, more than a quarter of a million Croats have left the country to work in other EU countries, particularly in Germany, Austria and Ireland. UN projections predict that Croatia will likely have a population of only 2.5 million people by the end of the century.